Child, Child health, Development of children, Health, Parenting, School

learning disabilities in children

learning disabilities in children

When children have trouble learning

A vicious cycle of learning disabilities can result when learning problems or developmental delays in children go unnoticed or untreated.

Many factors often come together that are not recognized by parents and teachers and thus lead to the child getting into a maelstrom of learning difficulties, concentration disorders and behavioral problems. Breaking this vicious circle is not always an easy undertaking, which should ultimately lead to the installation of a positive learning structure in which the child can perform well again.
How can you inspire children to learn?

What are learning disabilities?

Learning disorders or learning disabilities describe deficits in the areas of reading, writing or arithmetic in children with normal intelligence. The most common learning disabilities are dyslexia and dyscalculia. Hyperlexia and dysgraphia are less common. What all children with learning disabilities have in common is that they cannot fulfill their potential and, if left untreated, can slip into a vicious circle of learning disabilities.


The most common learning disabilities are:

The vicious circle of learning disabilities

Essentially, this vicious circle consists of three points that interact closely: negative climate (at school and at home), negative self-esteem and poor performance. A child who suffers from a learning disability doesn’t just have bad grades at school and reproaches from the parents, but is often exposed to the ridicule of his classmates. If parents and teachers intervene at this early stage, slipping into the vicious circle can be avoided. It gets worse if the problem is not recognized. Especially when teachers and parents begin to accuse the child of being lazy, incompetent, or stupid. The child begins to believe these accusations and doubts itself. The result is self-reproaches such as “I’ll never make it” or “I’m a failure”. This behavior is usually followed by so-called secondary symptoms: avoidance behavior and defensive reactions are particularly common here. This means that the child develops learning barriers and skips school or becomes aggressive. This can result in further gaps and deficits in relation to the learning material. – Welcome to the cycle of learning disabilities.

Treating learning disabilities – help and intervention

In order to break out of the vicious cycle of learning disabilities, everyone involved must work together and steer in the same direction. Of course, this approach is not always easy, but it is the most effective method of breaking the vicious circle, especially if action is taken early on. The intervention should take place at several points at the same time:

  • On the one hand, it is very important to promote the self-confidence of the person concerned through targeted measures. In addition, it can make sense for the parents to support the establishment of a circle of friends, to encourage the personal strengths of the child and to divide tasks into smaller sections so that there are more success stories.
  • Parents are also specifically challenged when it comes to offering their own child a way out of the vicious circle of learning disabilities. It is important to adapt the expectations to the abilities of the child. It may make sense to take advantage of a school career counseling service. Furthermore, it is very important to support the child with homework and learning, and to arrange for extra tuition if necessary . At the same time, it should be made clear to the child that everyday school life and the problems associated with it are of interest. Listening and advising are two aspects that should not be underestimated.
  • But teachers are also challenged. In order to overcome learning disabilities effectively and in the long term, it is necessary to discuss the procedure with the child’s teachers. Use the parents’ evening for this purpose . Teachers have the opportunity to focus specifically on their students. You can highlight successes and support special motivations or interests.
  • In some cases, it may also be useful to seek the help of a learning therapist or psychiatrist.

If all of these measures work together, a positive learning climate can be created in which the child feels comfortable and is ready to perform.
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